Today has been a morning of learning about companion planting in the garden. Most people know about the the three sisters: corn, beans and squash. But there's a whole lot more compatible veggies and also ones you should keep away from eachhother!
So I sat down this morning to learn and grid out our garden for this year. Last night, Nate and I seperated all the veggies and herbs seed packets we have. We put together seeds needing started indoors or outdoors and which month they needed to go into dirt.
Today I layed out a garden/greenhouse design that accomodates all veggies and fruits. For example: one raised bed will have pole beans, corn, radishes, potatoes, with these herbs scattered thru the bed:marjoram, basil, nasturium, rosemary and marigolds.
Around the perimeter of the entire garden area we will plant mint, marigolds and oregano. thoughout the garden we will plant marjoram and tarragon.
Planting compatible plants together puts together a harmonious garden, each plant helping the other fend off insects or enhancing flavors, or aiding in growth. Thru much research and comparing charts, I found amazing information, such as:
~planting basil next to potato beds to keep out hornworms and enhance growth of potatoes
~sage scattered in the cabbage patch reduces cabbage moths, thyme repels cabbage worms and mint enhances cabbage flavor
~plant dill and basil with your tomatoes to protect from hornworms, but never plant fennel, kohlrabi (stunts tomato growth) or potatoes near your tomatoes
~If you plant turnips and rutabagas, dont plant mustard or knotweed nearby, it inhibits the growth of your turnips and rutabagas
~Plant sunflowers near cucumbers to provide the shade they love
~Basil planted thru your garden improves the flavor and growth of garden produce, especially lettuce and tomatoes, its also a mosquito repellant.
Those are just some of the tips I discovered and look forward to trying in the next couple months!
Our herb list: basil, marjoram, rosemary, fennel, thyme, chamomile, dill, sage, calendula, nasturium. chives, parsley, oregano, wormwood, marigolds
Our veggie list: pole beans, bush beans, bush peas, snap peas, corn, potatoes, sweet potatoes, onions, kholrabi, rutabaga, variety of squashes, cucumbers, lettuces, swiss chard, spinach, collards, beets, radishes,broccoli, cauliflower, parsnips, turnips, carrots, cabbage, brussel sprouts, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants
Our fruit list: strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, melons, honeyberries, gooseberries, currants, apple trees, cranberries